Loquat-Beta Carotene

   

                                                      

    LOQUAT-BETA CAROTENE

       Consuming of fruits very significant for our immune system. Vegetables and fruits strengthen our immune system and increase our body resistance against diseases thanks to the antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and phenolic compounds.

      It is the exact season to consume “Loquat” now. Origin of loquat tree from the Rosaceae family and it has yellow or orange juicy fruit. In addition, it is a subtropic fruit. Subtropic fruits are generally less produced and less known species in the world. It’s homeland is China, Japan and North India. In our country, approximately 97.5% of the loquat is obtained from the Mediterranean Region.

100 g loquat;

Energy

46 kcal

Fructose

3.79 g

Water

87.6 g

Glucose

3.61 g

Protein

1.1 g

Magnesium

16 mg

Fat

0.54 g

Potassium

194 mg

Carbohydrate

8.14 g

Calcium

24 mg

Fiber

2.05 g

Vitamin C

4.2 mg

Beta carotene

2110 µg

Vitamin A

176 RE


 BETA CAROTENE


  
   Fruits and vegetables contain color pigments in addition to their nutritional value. Fruits contain special pigments that provide vibrant and appetizer colors. Beta carotene has chemical formula C40H56 and gives red to orange color. This pigment is found only in plants.
      
Besides, beta carotene is found in trans form in raw fruits, but in cooked fruits it is found in cis form. Cis isomers are shorter, more stable and more bioavailable. Therefore, consuming of cooked loquat increases the absorption of beta carotene. In Gaziantep region, loquat is consumed as “Loquat Kebab” as cooked.
      Beta carotene is important for human health, because beta carotene turns into vitamin A in the human body, but not all of it. Vitamin A is important for the skin, immune system and eyes. In addition, beta carotene increases the activity of T cells which are important for our immune system. T cells protecting our body against allergies, bacterias and viruses.
      Thanks to the fiber content of loquat, it helps our digestive system  and protect the cells from damage by flavonoids.
  

REFERENCES
1. https://www.academia.edu/13420214/Beta-carotene
2.
http://acikerisim.nku.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/20.500.11776/1085/0050471.pdf?sequence=1
3.
http://www.turkomp.gov.tr/food-yenidunya-401
4.
https://ansiklopedi.halisinden.com/Yenid%C3%BCnya