What is Halal Food?

 



WHAT IS HALAL FOOD?


Halal foods are foods 'permissible' or 'lawful' according to Islamic law. Halal foods can be the same as other foods; however, applying various methods and processes from farm to fork should be approved and recommended by Islamic Law. 

Religion has a significant impact on food choices in many societies. There are halal food markets and restaurants all around the world, where Muslim consumers live. At this point, the halal certificate, the sole identifying mark that the product meets the halal requirements, confronts. The standpoint of Muslim consumers, halal certification boosts the reliability of foods. For the consumer, the halal logo is a guarantee label for quality. Here are the criteria to use the term "halal."


1. LAWFUL FOODS


Halal is a term that is used for foods considered as lawful. Under Islamic Law, unlawful foods and their products and derivatives are listed below.


1.1 Food of Animal Origin

(a) Pigs and boars.

(b) Dogs, snakes and monkeys.

(c) Carnivorous animals with claws and fangs such as lions, tigers, bears and other similar animals.

(d) Birds of prey with claws such as eagles, vultures, and other similar birds.

(e) Pests such as rats, centipedes, scorpions and other similar animals.

(f) Animals are forbidden to be killed in Islam, i.e., ants, bees and woodpecker birds.

(g) Animals that are considered repulsive generally like lice, flies, maggots, and other similar animals.

(h) Animals that live both on land and in water, such as frogs, crocodiles and other similar animals.

(i) Mules and domestic donkeys.

(j) All poisonous and hazardous aquatic animals.

(k) Any other animals not slaughtered according to Islamic Law.

(l) Blood.


1.2 Food of Plant Origin

Intoxicating and unsafe plants except in which the toxin or hazard can be annihilated by processing.


1.3 Drinks

(a) Alcoholic drinks.

(b) All forms of intoxicating and hazardous drinks.


1.4 Food Additives

All food additives, which are derived from 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3, are considered unlawful.


2. SLAUGHTERING


2.1 The person should be a Muslim who is mentally sound and knowledgeable of the Islamic slaughtering procedures.

2.2 The animal to be slaughtered should be lawful according to Islamic law.

2.3 The animal to be slaughtered should be alive or deemed to be alive at the time of slaughtering.

2.4 The phrase "Bismillah" (In the Name of Allah) should be invoked immediately before the slaughter of each animal.

2.5 The slaughtering device should be sharp and should not be lifted off the animal during the slaughter act.

2.6 The slaughter act should sever the trachea, oesophagus and main arteries and veins of the neck region.



Besides being a necessity for Muslims, halal foods are rarely desired by non-muslims by raising concern on health. This is because the halal issue offers healthy and hygienic cuisine. However, it is not a daily-life practice for non-muslims due to the lack of enough information on halal foods' benefits.

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CONTENT: Melisa GÜÇLÜ

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REFERENCES


Abdul, Mohani & Ismail, Hashanah & Hashim, Haslina & Johari, Juliana. (2009). Consumer  

decision making process in shopping for halal food in Malaysia *. China-USA Business Review, 

ISSN 1537-1514, USA. 8. 40-47. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mohani_Abdul/publication/299619092_Consumer_decision_making_process_in_shopping_for_halal_food_in_Malaysia/links/57034a7708ae646a9da8854d.pdf


Mathew, Vloreen & Abdullah, Ardiana & Ismail, Siti. (2014). Acceptance on Halal Food among 

Non-Muslim Consumers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 121. 262-271. 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1127.


Selvarajah Krishnan, Che Musa Che Omar, Irsyad Zahran, Nazreen Syazwan, Sharifah 

Alyaa, The Awareness of Gen Z’s toward Halal Food Industry, Management, Vol. 7 No. 1,   

2017, pp. 44-47. doi: 10.5923/j.mm.20170701.06.